Overpopulation and its impact on a range of health issues threaten Egypt’s journey to self-reliance. Following his arrest, a court placed Abu al-Fotouh and others on the country’s terrorism list. Judicial authorities have investigated very few officers and even fewer have been prosecuted for abuses, including enforced disappearances and torture. reproductive health services throughout Upper Egypt. Egypt’s 2014 Demographic and Health Survey recorded a globally unprecedented 17 percent increase in the country’s total fertility rate since 2008. Egypt’s press freedom deteriorated further, ranking 161 out of 180 countries according to Reporters Without Borders. Other challenges remain, as well. Egypt had allocated 125 billion pounds from its 1.6 trillion pound 2019/20 budget to the health sector. Since then, the Egyptian army has destroyed hundreds of hectares of farmland and at least 3,000 homes and commercial buildings, together with 600 buildings destroyed in January—the largest number of demolitions since the army officially began evicting Rafah city in 2014. Health - Egypt travel advice - GOV.UK Skip to main content Ministry of Health and Population Egypt . A new governor, Abdel Fadil Shousha, eased some restrictions beginning in October but residents were allowed only a few liters of car fuel every month and had to line up for hours to obtain it. https://www.hrw.org/world-report/2019/country-chapters/egypt In December, the Egyptian authorities said they were temporarily closing their investigation into the murder. Egypt is located at the Northeastern corner of Africa and covers a total land area of about 1,001,450sq.km (about 6,000sq.km of which is covered by water) with a coastline of about 2,450km. The Egyptian parliament had passed the law on July 5, granting the government broader powers to restrict freedom of expression, violate citizens’ privacy, and jail online activists for peaceful speech. The intensified crackdown also includes lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) activists, artists, and alleged or self-described atheists. USAID helps community health workers provide low cost interventions such as health education through home visits and at primary health clinics. The Family Planning Through the Private Sector activity addresses the family planning and reproductive health needs of Egyptian youth by raising awareness of best practices and increasing access to voluntary family planning services. The exhibition attracted a large number of professional doctors, medical companies, hospitals, biomedical engineers and medical industry professionals from local and neighboring countries, as well as various specialists who were invited from the Arabian Gulf, the Middle East and Africa. U.S. Agency for International Development, Family Planning through the Private Sector, Strengthening Egypt’s Family Planning Program, The Journey to Self-Reliance: Egypt Roadmap, EGYPTIAN RED CRESCENT RESPONSE OPERATIONS TO COVID-19 PANDEMIC IN EGYPT, FAMILY PLANNING THROUGH THE PRIVATE SECTOR, STRENGTHENING EGYPT’S FAMILY PLANNING PROGRAM, USAID Commits Nearly $23 Million in Additional Funding to Support Economic Governance and Women's Empowerment in the Arab Republic of Egypt, USAID Acting Administrator John Barsa's Trip to Kenya and Egypt, USAID Delegation Tours Upper Egypt Projects, Meets with Luxor Governor, United States and Egypt Inaugurate Water Facilities in Assiut, Technical school teams from Ismailia, Sharquia, and Alexandria win top prizes in U.S.-Egypt Entrepreneurship Competition. Military trials of civilians in Egypt are inherently unfair as all officials in military courts, including judges and prosecutors, are serving members of the military. On May 9, activist Amal Fathy posted a video on her Facebook page in which she spoke about the prevalence of sexual harassment in Egypt and criticized the government’s failure to protect women. Authorities  pressured victims to accept a government-mediated “reconciliation” that allows perpetrators to evade prosecutions, while authorities offered no concrete future protections to the worshippers and their families. The restrictions caused a severe shortage of food, cooking gas, and other essential commercial goods in March and April. Implementing Partner: Egyptian Red Crescent; Life of Project: May 2020 – May 2021; Total Estimated Cost: $3.2 million; Governorates: Nationwide, FAMILY PLANNING THROUGH THE PRIVATE SECTOR: With approximately 1.3 million Egyptians born every six months, exponential population growth is one of Egypt’s greatest challenges. Security forces also arrested two potential presidential candidates: former Gen. Ahmed Shafiq, whom authorities placed for weeks under de facto house arrest, and former army chief of staff, Sami Anan, who remained in prison at time of writing on trumped up charges. The government sector represents activities of ministries that receive funding from the Ministry of Finance (MOF). On average, the FETP conducts 3-5 outbreak investigations per year, including recent investigations of E. coli, Rift Valley fever, viral hepatitis, typhoid, tetanus, and human rabies. Latest travel advice for Egypt, including how to stay safe during the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic and information on returning to the UK. In November, President al-Sisi ordered the law revised but the government did not announce a timeline for such revision. Healthcare in Egypt consists of both a public and a private sector. Health problems loom on Egypt’s horizon . Article share tools A picture taken on July 26, 2018 shows Egyptian policemen stand guarding a street in the North Sinai provincial capital of El-Arish. Level of operation The next day, pro-government and state-owned media outlets initiated a smear campaign against Fathy and then on May 11, authorities arrested her. For several decades, the government has provided a subsidized healthcare system that is meant to ensure health care for those who cannot afford it. At least 10 individuals and 7 organizations have had their assets frozen. Egypt ranked sixth in highest numbers of executions and third in the largest number of death sentences in the world in 2017. Three years after the abduction, torture, and murder of the Italian PhD student, Giulio Regeni, in Cairo, prosecutors failed to charge anyone despite the government saying security was monitoring Regeni and investigated his activities before his death. Those arrested included Hazem Abd al-Azim, a political activist; rights defender, Wael Abbas; Shady al-Ghazaly Harb, a surgeon; Haitham Mohamadeen, a lawyer; Amal Fathy, an activist; and Shady Abu Zaid, a satirist. In addition, JEPHA has particular interest in publishing manuscripts addressing emerging health problems and those focusing on Egyptian strategic health priorities. In May, the European Union spokesperson decried the wave of arrest of human rights defenders in the country. USAID quickly stepped in to support the Government of Egypt’s "National Plan for Egypt Against the Coronavirus" with a core investment in the Egyptian Red Crescent (ERC) in coordination with the Ministry of Social Solidarity and the Ministry of Health and Population. Since Egypt’s health and family planning challenges disproportionately affect the rural poor, USAID programs place particular emphasis on poor and underserved populations, including women, youth, and those in geographical areas with severe health disparities. The government has failed to adequately protect women and girls from sexual and gender-based violence, and, in some cases, even punished them for speaking out on this issue. Implementing Partner: John Snow, Inc.; Life of Project: December 2017 – December 2022; Total USAID Funding: $19.2 million; Governorates: Aswan, Assiut, Beni Suef, Fayoum, Giza, Luxor, Minya, Qena, Sohag, and in marginalized areas in Cairo and Alexandria. Sinai Province militants have also targeted civilians they perceive to be government collaborators or sympathizers, as well as security forces, and routinely executed their captives. With USAID assistance, ERC will distribute hygiene kits and supplement ERC’s mobile resource centers to expand awareness of safe hygiene practices and provide initial fever screenings. Population-Level Health Challenges. AmbulanceWoman Health Blood Bank National PACS Pharmaceutical Medical Council Licensing Laboratory Hospital Disease Surv. Egypt ranked 7th last for life expectancy at birth, total > years amongst Heavily indebted countries in 2011. USAID partners with Egypt’s Ministry of Health and Population to improve key areas of intervention to improve healthy behaviors, enhance the quality of health services, and support the Government of Egypt in policy and program design via research, monitoring, and training in key areas such as voluntary family planning. Type of Organisation Professional Association. Air pollution affects the lungs, heart and brain and can lead to conditions like cancer, stroke and cardiovascular disease. In May, the Task Force to Combat FGM issued a statement condemning the extremely lax efforts made to advance the National Strategy Against FGM (2016-2020) and the law’s inadequate protection of girls’ lives and health. The government continued to silence critics through arrests and unfair prosecutions of journalists and bloggers, and the parliament issued severely restrictive laws that further curtail freedom of speech and access to information. EGYPTIAN RED CRESCENT RESPONSE OPERATIONS TO COVID-19 PANDEMIC IN EGYPT: USAID is supporting ERC’s network of 30,000 volunteers and health professionals to conduct large-scale community outreach programs to prevent the spread of COVID-19.In addition, the program seeks to build ERC’s capacity to mobilize its volunteers and respond to future crises. Location: Egypt International Exhibition Center GT participated in EGY Health 2019 event. Another series of arrests launched in August included former ambassador Ma’soum Marzouk, who called for a public referendum on whether al-Sisi should resign. This has manifested itself in longer life expectancy, higher productivity and even trickling down to increased household income. Healthcare system. A North Sinai mosque was attacked in November 2017 during Friday prayers. 17 December 2019. Many of those were convicted in flawed trials. These health problems include the world’s highest obesity rates in addition to the highest global rates of Hepatitis C infection. Egypt’s Christian community, which comprises roughly 10 percent of the population and is the largest Christian minority in the Middle East, has suffered legal and social discrimination for decades. USAID provided the Government of Egypt with a donation of ventilators and technical assistance to increase the number of personnel who are trained to use them at 24 hospitals in 12 governorates throughout the country. The increased health awareness that is spreading in Egypt was threatened by double-digit inflation towards the end of the review period, although, despite this, health consciousness has risen thanks … From February, the army also intensified its restrictions on freedom of movement, isolating North Sinai from the mainland, North Sinai cities from each other for weeks, and imposing a complete ban on several essential commodities, including car fuel. catastrophic health spending for countries making the health financing transition 22 2.9 Most of the 42 fast-growing economy countries still receive aid for health 23 2.10 The health financing transition is mainly driven by public policy 23 3.1 126 countries had social health insurance in 2017 29 The successes of Egypt's health reform program are numerous, such that it has positively contributed towards the social and economic development for all Egyptians throughout the years. Egypt ranked third last for life expectancy at birth, male > … During the September session of the UN Human Rights Council, the EU expressed concerns over the situation of civil society in the country and about the new cybercrime and media laws. What is the institutional affilliation of your Organisation State Ministry of Health. Between December 2017 and March 2018, CIHRS has documented the execution of 39 individuals, most of them civilians, whom military courts convicted. Organisation Info. To ensure that volunteers are quickly sent where they are most needed, USAID is strengthening ERC’s coordination and communication capabilities through technical equipment upgrades. The restrictive Law 80 of 2016 on the construction of churches allowed for conditionally legalizing a small number of churches that were operating without an official permit, but restrictions remain largely in place. In 2017-2018, Egypt achieved substantial progress in fighting the endemic Hepatitis C virus through a national health program that included treatment care and new steps for systematic screening. The funds were released despite the ongoing and worsening crackdown on human rights in Egypt. In July, the Trump administration announced that it would reinstate Foreign Military Financing funds to Egypt after withholding some funds in August 2017 pending improving democracy and human rights benchmarks, which were not published. English Situation Report on Egypt and 8 other countries about Education, Health and more; published on 31 Mar 2019 by UNHCR At least 28 leading rights activists have been banned from leaving the country as part of this case and could be arrested at any moment. At time of writing, the government had yet to adopt by-laws required for implementation. The FETP is also actively involved in prevention and control efforts for pandemic influenza A (H1N1) and avian influenza A (H5N1). USAID/Egypt Fact Sheet: Global Health (pdf - 194k), EGYPTIAN RED CRESCENT RESPONSE OPERATIONS TO COVID-19 PANDEMIC IN EGYPT: USAID is supporting ERC’s network of 30,000 volunteers and health professionals to conduct large-scale community outreach programs to prevent the spread of COVID-19. Unlike other countries in the region, Egypt has taken no steps to ban forced anal examinations of people accused of homosexual conduct. Egypt grants refugees and asylum-seekers of all nationalities access to primary and secondary health care in the same way it does to Egyptian nationals. The Arab Republic of Egypt or \"Egypt\" for short, is one of the most historically rich countries in the world. In what sector does the institution operate Mixed. Authorities have not investigated a single official or member of the security forces more than five years after the mass killings of the largely peaceful protesters in the Rab’a Square in Cairo, where supporters of former President Mohamed Morsy gathered for weeks after his ouster by the army in July 2013. Egypt struggles with serious population-level health problems which will increase the burden for economically-productive members of society. Under the patronage of Egypt's Ministry of Health and Population, North Africa Health is the most extensive healthcare exhibition and conference covering Egypt… Egypt’s also passed the country’s first comprehensive law for health insurance for citizens in January and legalized the situation of some scores of churches that the government had previously not approved for building. These courts do not guarantee a fair trial and their decisions are not subject to appeal. In May 2018, Egyptian police and NSA forces carried out another wave of arrests of critics of President al-Sisi in dawn raids. In one incident of sectarian violence on August 31, mobs ransacked and looted five homes in Minya’s Dimshau Hashim village, after rumors circulated that Christian villagers were planning to build a church. Telecommunications and electricity are still sometimes shut for days or weeks in some areas. According to the 2019 Global Hunger Index, Egypt suffers from a moderate level of hunger, ranking 61 of 117 countries, compared to 61 of 119 countries in 2018.Food affordability, quality and safety remain challenges as Egypt continues to rely on global markets for more than half of its staples. Beginning in January, the army launched the most intensive wave of home demolitions in Sinai in years. Release of the Joint Publication “Children in Egypt 2016” presenting national data on child well-being in Egypt A Statistical Digest “Children in Egypt 2016” is launched today by the Central Agency for Public Mobilisation and Statistics (CAPMAS) and the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) in cooperation with the National Council for Childhood and Motherhood. On September 29, a criminal court sentenced Fathy to two years’ imprisonment for “publishing false news,” as well as a fine of 10,000 Egyptian pounds (US$560) for making “public insults.” She continues to face charges in a separate case on trumped-up allegations of belonging to a terrorist organization. AVIAN INFLUENZA PREVENTION AND CONTROL: Over the past 13 years, USAID has invested more than $40 million to support GOE efforts to prevent and control avian influenza. In February, the army announced a new campaign against militants of the ISIS-affiliated group known as Sinai Province. According to Hafez Abu Seada, a member of the National Council for Human Rights, the Ministry of Interior acknowledged that 500 out of 700 people whose families reported their disappearance since 2015 remain in detention. For those travellers who have respiratory issues, the dense air pollution caused by traffic congestions and industrial sites can be very problematic. US President Donald Trump, during al-Sisi’s September visit to New York, said that al-Sisi has done “an outstanding job” in fighting terrorism. There is limited public information on the implementation of Egypt’s 2016 law on combating “irregular” immigration. Prosecutors continued to use detainee confessions despite credible allegations they were coerced through torture. Authorities continue to arrest those who describe themselves as non-believers or atheists and jail them under “insulting religions” charges. Over 90 percent of over 3,700 churches and buildings still work without a permit and lack legal protection. Military operations in Sinai have escalated over the last five years. Limiting Beijing’s Influence Over Accountability and Justice, Convincing “Middle Powers” to Fight Autocrats Despite High Costs, Time to Re-Energize the “Never Again” Movement, Human Judgment and Responsibility in the Age of Technology, Helping Older People Stay Connected, and at Home, Changing the Terms of Engagement with Silicon Valley. Authorities held in May the first trade union elections in Egypt in 12 years. The Egyptian government plays a marginal role in the country’s public health care system despite Egypt having the highest prevalence of hepatitis C (14.7%of the population), high rates of obesity and hypertension (17.6%of the adult population) and endemic poverty. Egypt hosts refugees and asylum-seekers from more than 60 countries, including Eritrea, Ethiopia, Iraq, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Syria, and Yemen. 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