READING HISTORY IN HISTORICAL LITERATURE: AN ANALYSIS OF THE HISTORICAL NOVEL KALBU QALHA
(Membaca Sejarah dalam Karya Sastera: Analisis Novel Sejarah Kalbu Qalha)

Mohamed Nazreen Shahul Hamid
mohamednazreen25@gmail.com
School of Humanities,
Universiti Sains Malaysia.

To cite: Mohamed Nazreen Shahul Hamid. (2019). Reading history in historical literature: An analysis of the historical novel Kalbu Qalha. Malay Literature 32(1), 16-36.

Abstract

History has long been a source of inspiration for creative works in the effort of writers to produce quality literature. This is because there exist truths in history that can be conveyed to readers or audiences for the purpose of joint contemplation. In this article, historical events are examined through Amelia Hashim’s latest novel, Kalbu Qalha [The Heart of Qalha], which is set against the history of Kedah, from its early beginnings through Siamese occupation and finally British interference. The analysis of the novel in this article employs the theoretical framework of Lukács to show that history can be read through literary works. This novel successfully exposes history and little-known historical figures to its readership, proving that historical literature is not mere fiction.
Keywords: Kalbu Qalha, historical novel, history, Amelia Hashim, Kedah

Abstrak
Sejarah sejak sekian lama telah menjadi satu daripada bahan sumber kreatif pengarang dalam usaha menghasilkan karya sastera yang bermutu. Hal ini dikatakan demikian kerana dalam sejarah wujud kebenaran yang dapat disampaikan kepada pembaca atau khalayak untuk dijadikan renungan bersama. Dalam artikel ini peristiwa yang berlaku dalam sejarah diteliti menerusi novel mutakhir Kalbu Qalha karya Amelia Hashim yang berlatarkan sejarah Kedah dari awal pembukaannya, penjajahan Siam dan seterusnya campur tangan Inggeris. Analisis novel dalam artikel ini memanfaatkan kerangka teori yang diperkenalkan oleh Lukacs bagi menunjukkan bahawa sejarah dapat dibaca melalui karya sastera. Novel ini didapati berjaya mengangkat sejarah dan tokoh yang tidak diketahui umum kepada khalayaknya. Hal ini membuktikan bahawa karya sastera bukannya hasil rekaan semata-mata.
Kata kunci: Kalbu Qalha, Novel Sejarah, Sejarah, Amelia Hashim, Kedah

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