SUPERNATURAL ELEMENTS IN TANGON AND THEIR CONNECTION WITH ETHNIC RANAU DUSUN BELIEFS

(Unsur-unsur Keajaiban dalam Tangon dan Perkaitannya dengan Konteks Kepercayaan Etnik Dusun di Ranau)

Steefi Yalim

Stafie_631@yahoo.com

*Low Kok On

lowkokon@ums.edu.my

Faculty of Humanities, Arts & Heritage,

University Malaysia Sabah.

Published online: 5 December 2019

To Cite: Steefi Yalim and Low Kok On. (2019). Supernatural Elements in Tangon and Their Connection with Ethnic Ranau Dusun Beliefs. Malay Literature, 32(2), 185-206.

Abstract

Storytelling (monusui) is an oral tradition handed down from generation to generation among the Dusun ethnic group in Sabah.  In the past, the narration of tangon (folktales) was a form of entertainment and an informal medium of education for the Dusun ethnic. A total of 44 tangon were successfully collected during fieldworks conducted in the state of Ranau. On examining the 44 tangon, 13 were found to be stories that contain supernatural elements or elements of magic. Among these are phenomena such as “humans being resurrected”, “humans giving birth to animals”, “humans morphing into birds”, and many more. These elements in tangon are the result of its creator’s imagination and creativity. The issue here is that if these elements are not analysed and highlighted, we will not be able to comprehend the imagination, creativity, and beliefs of the previous generations. The result of the analysis by way of interpretation of these supernatural elements in tangon shows that the Ranau Dusun ethnic group had a rich imagination and a great deal of creativity in conceiving these magical elements. In addition, their beliefs, which were part of the Ranau Dusun practices in the past, were also inserted in tangon.

Keywords: Magic in tangon, Ranau Dusun, creativity, supernatural elements, beliefs

Abstrak

Bercerita (monusui) ialah budaya turun-temurun dalam kalangan etnik Dusun di Sabah. Penyampaian tangon (cerita rakyat) pula merupakan hiburan dan medium pendidikan secara tidak formal dalam kalangan etnik Dusun di Sabah pada suatu ketika dahulu. Sejumlah 44 buah tangon telah berjaya dikumpulkan dalam kerja lapangan yang dilakukan di Daerah Ranau. Setelah diteliti, 12 tangon didapati kaya dengan unsur keajaiban. Antara unsur keajaiban yang dimaksudkan adalah seperti “manusia dihidupkan semula”, “manusia melahirkan binatang”, “manusia menjelma menjadi burung” dan banyak lagi. Unsur keajaiban ini merupakan imaginasi dan kreativiti si pencipta tangon. Permasalahan yang timbul di sini ialah jika unsur-unsur ini tidak dianalisis dan ditonjolkan, maka imaginasi, kreativiti dan kepercayaan rakyat pada suatu ketika dahulu tidak akan kita fahami. Hasil analisis secara interpretasi terhadap unsur-unsur keajaiban tangon Dusun Ranau mendapati bahawa etnik Dusun Ranau kaya dengan kreativiti dan imaginasi dalam penciptaan unsur-unsur keajaiban. Selain itu, dalam tangon Dusun Ranau juga, didapati ada menyelitkan unsur kepercayaan yang menjadi sebahagian daripada amalan yang diamalkan oleh masyarakat Dusun suatu ketika dahulu.

Kata kunci: Tangon magis, Dusun Ranau, kreativiti, unsur-unsur keajaiban, kepercayaan

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